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Native grasses win performance tests
More than one study shows good gains and low costs from native forages.
Innovative Regional Conservation Partnership Program to Bring Resources to Private Lands in Critical Conservation Areas
U.S. Department of Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack launched the Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP), a public-private partnership designed to ...
First Participants in Conservation Stewardship Program can Renew
Producers with expiring U.S. Department of Agriculture Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) contracts have from July 11 until Sept. 12, 2014 to renew and add ...
New Farm Bill Guide Now Available
The North American Bird Conservation Initiative released the 2014 Farm Bill Field Guide to Fish and Wildlife Conservation.
Interior, Agriculture & Defense Team Up To Conserve Landscapes and Wildlife, Bolster Rural Economies, and Ensure Military Readiness
The Departments of Interior, Agriculture and Defense joined with state and federal partners today to announce the designation of three new Sentinel Landscapes ...
USDA Provides $328 Million to Conserve Wetlands and Farmland, Boost Economy
Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced today that $328 million in conservation funding is being invested to help landowners protect and restore key ...
NRCS helps build resiliency to climate change
As experts predict growing climate changes in the United States, the USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service offers a variety of practices, programs and ...
Effects of irrigation on global climate during the 20th century
Various studies have documented the effects of modern‐day irrigation on regional and global climate, but none, to date, have considered the time‐varying impact ...
Effects of grazing on grassland soil carbon: a global review
Soils of grasslands represent a large potential reservoir for storing CO2, but this potential likely depends on how grasslands are managed for large mammal ...
Carbon in idle croplands
The collapse of the Soviet Union had diverse consequences, not least the abandonment of crop cultivation in many areas. One result has been the vast ...
A safe operating space for humanity
Identifying and quantifying planetary boundaries that must not be transgressed could help prevent human activities from causing unacceptable environmental ...
Carbon debt of Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) grasslands converted to bioenergy production
Over 13 million ha of former cropland are enrolled in the US Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), providing well-recognized biodiversity, water quality, and ...
Can a collapse of global civilization be avoided?
Environmental problems have contributed to numerous collapses of civilizations in the past. ... But today, for the first time, humanity’s global ...
Accounting for Environmental Assets
A country can cut down its forests, erode its soils, pollute its aquifers and hunt its wildlife and fisheries to extinction, but its measured income is not ...
Carbon Mitigation by Biofuels or by Saving and Restoring Forests?
The carbon sequestered by restoring forests is greater than the emissions avoided by the use of the liquid biofuels.
Approaching the Limits: A book review in Science
Excerpts: "In Harvesting the Biosphere, Vaclav Smil traces the historical development of human consumption of biological resources and evaluates whether we ...
A Measurable Planetary Boundary for the Biosphere
Terrestrial net primary (plant) production provides a measurable boundary for human consumption of Earth’s biological resources.
A-maize-ing Diversity
Analysis of a new maize resource reveals that a large number of genetic loci with small effects may underlie the wide variation seen in traits such as ...
Carbon Storage with Benefits
Biochar—a material related to charcoal—has the potential to benefit farming as well as mitigate climate change.
An Uncertain Future for Soil Carbon
Predictions of how rapidly the large amounts of carbon stored as soil organic matter will respond to warming are highly uncertain (1). Organic matter plays a ...
Emerging Techniques for Soil Carbon measurements
Soil carbon sequestration is one approach to mitigate greenhouse gases. However, to reliably assess the quantities sequestered as well as the chemical ...
Amazon Basin climate under global warming: the role of the sea surface temperature
The Hadley Centre coupled climate–carbon cycle model (HadCM3LC) predicts loss of the Amazon rainforest in response to future anthropogenic greenhouse gas ...
A westward extension of the warm pool leads to a westward extension of the Walker circulation, drying eastern Africa
Observations and simulations link anthropogenicgreenhouse and aerosol emissions with rapidly increasing Indian Ocean sea surface temperatures (SSTs). Over the ...
Columbia Water Center White Paper America’s Water Risk: Water Stress and Climate Variability
The emerging awareness of the dependence of business on water has resulted in increasing awareness of the concept of “Water Risk” and the diverse ways in which ...
Beneficial Biofuels—The Food, Energy, and Environment Trilemma
Exploiting multiple feedstocks, under new policies and accounting rules, to balance biofuel production, food security, and greenhouse-gas reduction.
Effect of per-capita land use changes on Holocene forest clearance and CO2 emissions
The centerpiece of the early anthropogenic hypothesis is the claim that humans took control of greenhouse-gas trends thousands of years ago because of ...
Changes in the Asian monsoon climate during 1700 –1850 induced by preindustrial cultivation
Preindustrial changes in the Asian summer monsoon climate from the 1700s to the 1850s were estimated with an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) using ...
Domesticated Nature: Shaping Landscapes and Ecosystems for Human Welfare
Like all species, humans have exercised their impulse to perpetuate and propagate themselves. In doing so, we have domesticated landscapes and ecosystems in ...
1.5°C or 2°C: a conduit’s view from the science-policy interface at COP20 in Lima, Peru
An average global 2°C warming compared to pre-industrial times is commonly understood as the most important target in climate policy negotiations. It is a ...
Reconciling nature conservation and traditional farming practices: a spatially explicit framework to assess the extent of High Nature Value farmlands in the European countryside
Over past centuries, European landscapes have been shaped by human management. Traditional, low intensity agricultural practices, adapted to local climatic, ...